A contract is an agreement between two or more parties that creates a legally binding obligation to perform specific duties or actions. A contract can be oral or written, and it can cover various types of transactions and relationships. But who are these parties to a contract? Let`s explore the different roles and responsibilities involved.
The Parties to a Contract
1. Offeror: This is the party who proposes the terms of the agreement to the other party or parties. The offeror is usually the initiator of the contract and sets out the terms and conditions they wish to propose for the transaction.
2. Offeree: The offeree is the party who receives an offer from the offeror. They have the option to accept or reject the offer, and if they accept, they become legally bound to fulfill their obligations under the contract.
3. Promisor: The promisor is the party who makes a promise to perform a specific action or duty in exchange for something of value from the promisee. The promisor may be the offeror or the offeree, depending on the terms of the agreement.
4. Promisee: The promisee is the party who receives the promise of performance from the promisor. In exchange, they agree to provide something of value to the promisor, such as payment or services.
5. Obligor: The obliger is the party who is required to fulfill their duties or obligations under the terms of the contract. This may be the promisor or the promisee, depending on the specific terms of the agreement.
6. Obligee: The obligee is the party who is entitled to receive the performance of the obligations provided for in the contract. The obligee may be the promisee or a third party who benefits from the agreement.
Understanding the parties to a contract is essential to ensure that all parties involved are aware of their roles and responsibilities. The offeror and offeree initiate the agreement, while the promisor and promisee exchange promises and obligations. The obligor is required to fulfill their obligations, and the obligee is entitled to receive the performance of those obligations. By recognizing the different parties and their roles, you can help ensure that your contracts are legally binding and enforceable.